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Young India governed by leaders of geriatric age requiring retirement & complete rest
2/16/2017 10:28:18 PM
Mahadeep Singh Jamwal

When we talk of India as a young country, it is because of the age structure data of India. We find that the population of the country in age structure is 0-14 years 27.95%, 15-24 years 17.99%, 25-54 years 40.91%, 55-64 years 7.06% and above 65 years 6.09%. The young ones here mean the population quite capable to run the affairs of the country ranging from 25 to 55 years is approximately 45%, whereas political participation of this generation as MPs in age structure 25-30 years 9, 31-35 years 15, 36-40 years 41, 41-45 years 73, 46-50 years 93, 51-55 years 88, 56-60 years 60, 61-65 years 64, 66-70 years 41, 71-75 years 23, 76-80 years 9, and 81-85 years 2 MPs. Analyzing the representation ratio in Parliament, we find that population in the age group of 25-60 years comprisise of 46% and this population is represented by approximately 360 MPs and the geriatric age group 60 years and above is 15% and they have approximately 163 MPs. The most interesting fact is that it is this geriatric age group which actually rule the young India by occupying ministerial posts and only finger count from youth. If we visit the Hinduism, which suggest human life comprises of four stages called as 'Ashramas' and every man ideally go through each of these stages. These are "Brahmacharya" the stage of formal education and it lasts until the age of 25, "Grihastha" the stage of responsibilities and lasts till 50 years, "Vanaprastha", lasts till the age of 75 years. At this age, one should renounce all physical, material and allied pleasures, retire from his social and professional life spending his time in prayers and last stage "Sannyasa" above 75 years of age. At this stage, a man is supposed to be totally devoted to God and his sole concern becomes attaining salvation (Moksha) or release from the circle of birth and death. But in present set up these stages stand shattered. Moreover the average life expectancy in India is 59.5 Listed by the World Health Organization (2015).
It bothers to common enlightened person that our politicians run the affairs at the age fixed by the government for its employees as retirement age and at the time to lead the life of "Vanaprastha" and "Sannyasa", after renouncing all physical, material and allied pleasures, retire from social and professional life spending time in prayers and for attaining salvation (Moksh) as per Hinduism philosophy. The dissatisfaction regarding the governing of country by this geriatric fraternity is because of the facts that above 80% of these leaders are above the sixty years of age and they are not in a position to keep them apprised about the changing world on scientific lines. It is not intended that old people should leave the political scene and rest. What is wanted is that they should be there but for guidance because they are treasures of invaluable experience.
The youth face many issues in the country; mostly these issues go unheard because of marginal representation of youth in law framing machinery. Since the youth would better understand other young people, the best way to improve this newer generation would be through youth politics. In actual the population below fifty years is not really satisfied with the way our country is being governed by the people above sixty years. There can be two reasons for this deplorable scene of Indian politics. One may be that the youth today are not interested in actively participating in the political field. They are content with what they are doing and how the country is being governed. But this reason seems to hold no ground seeing the discontent shown by the youngsters on many decisions and policies of the government and various movements which shattered the country politics. Second reason may be that young people are not given opportunities to prove themselves claiming that they are not equipped with experience to participate actively in the governance of the country. This reason seems to be more logical seeing the monopoly of old leaders in almost all the major political parties of the country. Old people should realize that proper development can take place only when they make way for younger people to take control of the activities.
The youth of modern India are aware of the problems facing our country and the world at large. The country desperately needs some young leaders who personify energy, enthusiasm, morality, and diligence. The Youth are not only leaders of tomorrow, but also partners of today. India witnessing a radical change in the mindset of youth towards governance and policies, and increasing despair among people due to continuous compromise of citizens' welfare. It is appropriate time to come forward of motivated and inspired youth from across the country to deliberate and work towards effective Policy, Change and Development. As for the youth of our country, they can contribute in more ways than just contesting elections. Much can be done in areas like educating people, raising awareness about various social ills, and many other areas. We have only a handful of young leaders but they are in the political scenario because they belong to influential political families. It is next to impossible to find a young leader with no political family background in the furor of politics.
India is one of the youngest democracies having 65% of its population below the 35 years. Policies effecting youth can be framed by young people themselves rather than old politicians, who most probably cannot feel the contemporary problems, young people are facing. We can strongly feel that; there should be a retirement age for politicians, which may be around 65 years. There should also be some educational qualification for politicians. How can we give those illiterates the key to our country that we cannot give the key to our house? People with serious criminal background should not be allowed to contest elections. Reservation for youth should be created in the political parties and in the parliament as well. The children and relatives of the politicians should be excluded from this reservation benefits. Youth should be given opportunity to do teaching fellowship in the parliament. Political awareness should be given to the students of schools and universities and they should be encouraged to participate in the politics. Political awareness campaigns must ensure that young people are turning out in the elections to cast their vote. Young people led community development programs and volunteering organizations must be supported by the government. Youth groups should be allowed to visit the national parliaments. Youth movements should be dealt in a respectable way and their voices need to be heard in the parliament.
Concluding there is a dearth of young talent in the present politics. Youth should be given the opportunity to prove themselves by making politics accessible to them. The right balance of young talent and experienced politicians can lead to the cleaning of politics and can restore the public faith in the political system. We can just wish that the next time we go to vote we find more names of youngsters who can make our country a better place to live in; Youth offers the promise of happiness and prove it.
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