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Avoid cruelty against dogs
G.L. Khajuria11/21/2017 10:43:30 PM
The dogs population in India falls in three categories. These are pet dogs, community dogs and the stray dogs. Pet dogs are, however are almost immunized, whereas dogs falling in second and third category constitute around 90% population and are not immunized as a results, therefore, there is apprehension of their being bitten to human beings amounting to rabies episodes.
Worldwide around, 90% of human cases are caused by dogs. Immunization of dogs falling under all the three categories are , therefore, warranting to be scared away because of the episodes of rabies amongst the human beings.
India is having dogs population arounding 85 billion out of which around 90% are stray dog. Rabies amongst humankind and domestic animals have been slashed down owing to immunization campaign and optimum control by the humankind as a pre-cautionary measure. This is being ensured by the National program on immunization of burgeoning dogs population.
We should not initiate cruelty against dogs who have over the ages remained as social animal and have been intimately remained associated with human. An effective program to achieve mass immunization means making compulsory to immunize all pet and owned dogs through a licensing system, controlling stray dogs population by fertility control.
Elimination of dogs by exposing the animal to gases like carbon monoxide or subjecting them to hypoxia or electrolethalators for poisoning are methods usually followed. However, elimination attempts in various parts of world have been met by serious public concern and outcry.
Another method recommended by world Health Organization (WHO) is to control over their habitat, reduction of food and garbage supporting scavenging dogs in residential areas. This method shall make an impact only if the community health, municipalities and public cooperation act well. An alternate strategy is to reproductive control of dogs. Sterilization (neutering) has been practice for long, surgical sterilization may be possible as well as possible only among owned dogs since it needs support of veterinary doctors. However, these are mostly applicable only in a few percentage of dogs.
Castration has been a method followed by many municipal authorities. But at the same time, it is no longer to perform and at the same time very painful. As such this practice was almost resented by the general public and animal lovers In particular. Though the fact has it that even the unowned and stray dogs command considerable public affection and sympathy. A painless and easy to perform method, as an alternative for sterilization operation or castration has been developed in India. An immun-ocontracetive for male by the National institute of immunology (NII) in New Delhi in a single injection at the scrotum is capable of making the semen azospermic (free of sperms) without loss of libido. The injectable is known at TALSUR which has been evaluated in large number of animals including dogs, cattle and buffaloes and is mass manufactured by M/S Karnataka Antibiotics and pharmaceutical Ltd. Bengaluru.
It is no denying the fact that stray dog in particular are the main reservoir of virus causing rabies. It is as such that all humans are scared of dogs and are even afraid of them so much so that these faithful social animal becomes a victim of apathy.
What is more appreciable is to treat these dogs with affection and sympathy. There is a wide range of drugs which can prove to be of usefulness for advance treatment before these dogs are succumb to rabies. And advance treatments can be inculcated before the virus houses in the dogs. The veterinary doctors can do a lot in prehand combating entry of this dreadful virus.
Though strange it may sound but too true that rabies occurs in almost all continents expecting Australia. Although a number of countries viz Japan, Britain, spain, Bahrain, Oman, Fiji, and most of the other Scandinavian countries have been able to rid themselves of dreadful rabies through effective protective measures. But ironically, it continues to be a major public health problem in the rest of the world.
Rabies are primarily a zoonotic disease case caused by a bullet- shaped small virus spreading from animals to man. Almost all warm-blooded animals such as dog, fox, bat, jackal, Wolf, rat and mongoose (Mostly flesh eating animal) are susceptible to this virus. Strangely, Monkeys being pure vegetarian don't fall in the list of so named animals.
Combining all facts and figures, it becomes crystal - clear that meting out cruelty against dogs is no solution. The solution in fact lies in eradicating the virus which houses in the body of dogs. The modern medical science has made a big leap forwarded in combating so many dreaded diseases. It is, defacto, a pre-cautionary measures to go in for the anti- rabies injections after the dog bite.
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