x

Like our Facebook Page

   
Early Times Newspaper Jammu, Leading Newspaper Jammu
 
Breaking News :   Govt orders major reshuffle in administration | Raghunath Bazar Businessmen Association meets Div Com Jammu | Civil Defence Training Programme concludes | Lecturer allegedly commits suicide, parents allege murder | National Bone and Joint Day on Aug 4 | NIAC insures Hajis under SR | Two found dead | Former MP conducts three days tour of Rajouri and Poonch | Governor inaugurates SFA Football League Phase II | Tehsildar in dock for defying govt order | Is Edu deptt suppressing facts before Centre? | Governor's admin cuts Pak stooges to size | Nepotism rampant in LA secretariat | Setback to Crime Branch in Rassana case as envelope containing hair strand of victim was found empty in Court | 10 weeks after opening of Durbar, files remain confined to bags, boxes at Civil Secretariat | First Lady Usha Vohra e-inaugurates J&K Bank's first women branch | With no bridge, students swim across river to pursue education | DIET Reasi needs will to run institution | Accept your mistakes like NC did: Omar to Mehbooba | Chocked drains wreak havoc in Rajouri town | Govt falters on its promise of pucca house to urban dwellers | Seminar on 'Doctor-Patient Relationship' turns into political battlefield | Fruit rates in Jammu to be revised after 23 yrs | No separate toilets for female employees in most Govt offices | By allowing cross LoC trade Government compromising with nation's security, encouraging drug addiction in J&K | Atmosphere still not conducive for civic & Panchayat polls | Are you concerned about your relationship? | In competent Law Secretary Conspire to Kill Reservation in Promotions | Beef ban: Reality & Rhetoric! | Jammu Chamber of Commerce alleges discrimination, threatens agitation | Javadekar reviews progress of Education sector in 'Aspirational Districts' | Team Jammu urges Governor to plug drugs supply | Blackmailer harasses public: JKACF | National Awardee teachers deprived of Incentives | AAP Governor, to form elected Block Development Council, District Development Boards | ROF discusses issues of pensioners | Centre should get Lok Pal established: MPEJ | ESRM stages nukad "Jaan Hai Jahhan Hai" | CUJ organized the first NSS Special Summer Camp, 2018 | SKUAST-TAJ seeks enhancement in retirement age | ABDPSS arranges Bhandara for Amarnath Yatris | GDC Bishnah conducts door to door Swachhta campaign | Basic Shooting Course Inaugurated | Younger brother allegedly kills elder | NIA court sends Asiya Andrabi to judicial custody | Advisor Vijay Kumar reviews functioning of JKSFC | Ganai reviews functioning of Education Department | Landslide forces closure of new route to Vaishno Devi Shrine | Ex-MLA's guard killed as militants attack, loot weapons | HC refuse to quash PSA of drug peddler | 1 year imprisonment, Rs 3 lakh fine in cheque bounce case | D C Raina assumes office as new Advocate General | One killed, six injured as car collides with army truck | MGNREGA employees' stir continues, demand resolution of issues | Jammu athletes clinch 13 gold, 3 silver, one bronze | Rotary Club releases roaster for 2018-19 | SPCB carries out anti-polythene drive | Protest procession against drug-addiction taken out | Militant killed, two army men injured in ongoing encounter along LoC in Kupwara | Death of Amarnath pilgrim | ATFI chief filed petition against Mehbooba Mufti in Ambala court | DLL appointments, back-date service effect scandalous; VC made money: JYF | Non-functioning of Hospital Lifts: JKGGC seeks report | Siar Baba incident: Free treatment of injured at SMVDNSH | JeM outfit busted, three arrested in Sopore | Govt clarifies on revocation of Individual Arms Licenses | Govt issues guidelines for constitution of Interdepartmental Committees | Jammu Airport after Maharaja Hari Singh: Prof Gupta | Govt orders major reshuffle in administration | seven killed, 30 injured as boulder falls Siar Baba waterfall | Back Issues  
 
news details
Former secretary Balachandran tears into Swaraj's foreign policy
UNHRC report on human rights situation in J&K
7/11/2018 11:19:56 PM
Early Times Report

JAMMU, July 11: Former Special Secretary in the Cabinet Secretariat in the South Block Vappala Balachandran has hailed former PM PV Narasinha Rao's foreign policy vis-à-vis Pakistan and its role in the UNHRC as far as human rights situation in Jammu & Kashmir was concerned. In other words, he has disapproved of the present government's foreign policy vis-à-vis Pakistan and its failure to defeat Pakistani moves at the international forum aimed at defaming India.
"Could we have tackled the Kashmir human rights imbroglio differently?, he asked on Wednesday. "I wanted to look back at our experience during 1991-1993, which was a more troublesome period for India's human rights image on Kashmir than now. Yet, P V Narasimha Rao's coalition government, considered 'weak' and not 'muscular', decided to face these crisis upfront," said Balachandran.
To make his point, Balachandran revisited the Narasimha Rao's period, especially between 1991 and 1993. He said: "India experienced a relentless assault during that era through 'Friends of Pakistan' in the UK and US. A British-Pakistani sponsored 'International Conference of Kashmir' held in Virginia, near Washington DC (July 12-14, 1991) saw nearly 700 delegates including Eric Avebury, chairman of the British Parliamentary Human Rights Commission, US Representative Dan Burton (R-Ind) and Abdullah Omar Nasseef, secretary general of the Muslim World League. It was considered a great diplomatic success by Pakistani lobbyists. Following this, Gerald Kaufman, British Labour Party 'shadow foreign minister', visited Jammu and Kashmir in August and proposed to the British parliament to set up a 'British Commonwealth Eminent Persons' Group' under then Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser to 'investigate' the Kashmir crisis. Kaufman had already visited PoK in June. The reaction in our Parliament was conveyed by the then home minister, the late S B Chavan, who mocked Kaufman as half-man'. Then the Anglo-Pakistan Parliamentary Association and Pakistani Society worked together on Kashmir through favourable MPs like Frederick Bennett and Roy Hattersley to 'end that kind of tyranny [in Kashmir]. Simultaneously, Pakistan moved the European Parliament through MP Kenneth Coates, a member of the influential Inchcape family, to conduct an independent inquiry into the alleged human rights violations".
He further said: "In 1993, Pakistan sought to introduce a Kashmir-related resolution at the 49th session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) now called UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC). Had this succeeded, it would have paved the way for similar resolutions in the General Assembly.
On October 28, 1993, Robin Raphael, then US Assistant Secretary (South Asia), said that the US did 'not recognise [the] instrument of accession as meaning that Kashmir is forever an integral part of India'. Pakistan gleefully published it as a US endorsement of their stand. This was not the first time that US diplomats had made such statements. US Ambassador to Islamabad Robert Oakley had said on August 11, 1991: 'We do not accept the Indian claim that this (Kashmir) is a part of India".
Before Robin Raphael's words, the request by the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) to visit Kashmir in August 1993 created a dilemma for Indian policymakers. The ICJ was set up in 1952 as an NGO with consultative status to the UN to ensure respect for international human rights. They had clearly indicated that their mission arose from their concern over reports of human rights abuses during "the current disturbances in Jammu and Kashmir", which had become a "low-level civil war". Yet, the Narasimha Rao government decided to allow this visit on the ground that we had nothing to hide. As ICJ report had said: "The members of the mission were the first representatives of any international human rights organisation to be authorised by the Indian Government to visit Kashmir since the start of the disturbances".
"The ICJ team, comprising William Goodhart (UK), Dalmo Dallari (Brazil), Florence Butegwa (Uganda), and Vitit Muntarbhorn (Thailand), visited Kashmir and PoK between August 16 and 30, 1993. Their draft report was ready by early 1994. Around the same time, high-decibel propaganda was drummed up by Pakistan and its friends in the West, which was reflected in the media: The ICJ would, in its final report, even question the legality of the accession of Kashmir to India," Balachandran further added.
He said: "This issue was discussed by the Committee of Secretaries chaired by the cabinet secretary. I was present at this meeting representing the secretary (R). It was decided to send an official delegation to represent India and offer comments on the draft report. I suggested to the cabinet secretary that we should include in our delegation an eminent jurist from Bombay (Mumbai) who was known to be highly critical of our government, yet one of the best constitutional experts in the country. I don't want to disclose his name as I do not have his permission. Salman Haider, then secretary in the external affairs ministry, agreed with me as he knew the lawyer well. The ICJ met both Indian and Pakistani delegations in June 1994".
The beneficial result of our government's strategy was evident in the ICJ's final 215-page report ('Human Rights in Kashmir - Report of a Mission') released in March 1995. No doubt they were critical of some aspects of the visit like the restriction of their movements in Srinagar, in particular Lt General Zaki's action in not allowing them to meet representatives in a hotel and herding them all to a state guesthouse in a military cantonment. But overall. the report reflected a more favourable view of India than expected. It said: 'The ICJ mission believes that the Indian Government is genuinely anxious to improve its human rights record in Kashmir'…During the visit of the ICJ mission to Jammu and Kashmir, it was evident that militant groups had increasingly become violators of human rights".
More importantly, according to Balachandran, "they also rejected Pakistan's complaint that the report lacked objectivity". "It is not the case that, as alleged, the original draft has been drastically changed. While it is true that the final text is somewhat more critical of Pakistan - particularly in relation to constitutional rights in so called Azad Kashmir (POK) and the Northern Areas - it is no less critical of India," Balachandran disclosed.
One can only hope that the BJP government at the Centre will adopt an approach that defeats Pakistan's defame-India moves at all international forums.
  Share This News with Your Friends on Social Network  
  Comment on this Story  
 
 
 
Early Times Android App
STOCK UPDATE
  
BSE Sensex
NSE Nifty
 
CRICKET UPDATE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
Home About Us Top Stories Local News National News Sports News Opinion Editorial ET Cetra Advertise with Us ET E-paper
 
 
J&K RELATED WEBSITES
J&K Govt. Official website
Jammu Kashmir Tourism
JKTDC
Mata Vaishnodevi Shrine Board
Shri Amarnath Ji Shrine Board
Shri Shiv Khori Shrine Board
UTILITY
Train Enquiry
IRCTC
Matavaishnodevi
BSNL
Jammu Kashmir Bank
State Bank of India
PUBLIC INTEREST
Passport Department
Income Tax Department
JK CAMPA
JK GAD
IT Education
Web Site Design Services
EDUCATION
Jammu University
Jammu University Results
JKBOSE
Kashmir University
IGNOU Jammu Center
SMVDU