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KVKs - Effective Tools for Human Resource Development
Dr. Banarsi Lal and Dr. Pawan Sharma11/16/2018 8:59:11 PM
The Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) also known as Farm Science Centers are the agricultural knowledge providing centres from where the farmers can obtain latest agricultural information and assistance to solve their day-to-day agricultural problems. These centres act as means of transfer of new agricultural information and technologies from lab to land. Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) work on the location specific technology assessment, refinement and demonstrations. KVKs also serve as knowledge and resource centres of agricultural technologies which support to public, private and voluntary sector for improving the agricultural economy of any district and are linking the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) system with the extension system and farmers. KVKs are intended to develop the human resource in agricultural sector. KVKs are producing quality technological products such as seed, planting material, bio-agents, livestock, fish fingerlings etc. and make them available to the farmers. The KVKs also organise frontline extension activities, identify and document selected farm innovations and converge with the different schemes and programmes ongoing in their respective districts. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has also developed a portal named as KVK Knowledge Network for the farmers and other stakeholders. Various activities of the KVK are uploaded by the KVKs scientists for rapid dissemination of the technologies in the rural areas. This portal is continuously updated by the KVK scientists and information of different events, status of Front Line Demonstrations (FLDs), Monthly Progress Reports (MPRs), package of practices is regularly uploaded. It is mandatory for Krishi Vigyan Kendra's (KVKs) of State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) to assess and refine the location specific technologies. By assessing and refining of technologies, research becomes need based and problem solving. It ensures scientists and farmers to develop strong linkages. It helps to develop modules for different farming situations. As the farmers are fully involved in technology assessment and refinement, they develop confidence to adopt the technology. The experience of the farmers should be considered in research planning. The technology development and dissemination is a unique tool for great interaction between the scientists and farmers.
Many Government and Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) collaborate with the KVKs to disseminate the agricultural and allied sectors information to the farming community. Needless to say that KVKs act as the nodal agencies of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and are playing a vital role in the implementation of modern agricultural technologies. The KVKs are bringing the modern package of agricultural technologies at the farmers' doorsteps. The KVKs are mitigating the scientific agricultural needs of the farmers. The KVKs are playing a pivotal role in transformation in rural areas by creating the awareness among the rural people about the latest agricultural technologies. The KVKs are playing a pivotal role in farmers' prosperity. The KVKs empower the farmers through need-based farmers/vocational trainings and helpful to change the socio-economic status of the farmers. The Krishi Vigyan Kendras(KVKs) conduct on-farm testing, identify the location specificity of agricultural technologies, lay out Front Line Demonstrations(FLDs) to establish the production potential of various agricultural technologies at farmers fields, impart need-based and skill oriented training for the farmers, in-service extensional personnel , to those who are interested for self-employment to update their knowledge and skills in new agricultural technologies, create awareness on improved technologies through various extension methods, produce and provide improved quality seeds, planting material, livestock, poultry, fisheries etc. to the farmers and work as agricultural knowledge centers for the public, private and voluntary organizations. The KVKs cater the needs of those who wish to be self-employed or those who are already employed. With the introduction of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) the adoption rates of new agricultural technologies have been increased. KVKs aware the farmers about the hybrid/improved/high yielding varieties of maize, paddy, wheat, pulses, oilseeds etc. KVKs are diverting the farmers from subsistence farming to commercial farming. Mushroom cultivation, sericulture, floriculture, horticulture, dairy farming, vermicomposting, food processing, milk processing entrepreneurships are developed among the farmers by the strenuous efforts of KVKs. KVKs are proving as the agricultural knowledge hubs for the farmers.
The programmes and syllabus (action plan) of the Krishi Vigyan Kendras are tailored according to the needs, resources and potential for the agricultural growth in a particular area and is finally decided by involving the districts heads, Patches/Sarpanches and also progressive farmers of the district. The major objective of the Krishi Vigyan Kendras is agricultural growth. Priority is given to the weaker sections of the society like small, marginal, tribal farmers, agricultural labourers, drought prone areas, hilly areas, forest areas, coastal areas etc. and work-experience is the main method of imparting training. With E-linkage the KVKs are interconnected with each other and also with the ICAR and thus disseminate the agricultural information to the end users quickly and effectively. The KVKs decide certain thrust areas according to the agro-ecological, cropping pattern and farming system of the respective district. The major thrust areas of KVKs are as (i)Integrated nutrient/pest/weed management in different crops(ii)Water management (iii)Promoting organic farming (iv)Protected cultivation of high value and low value crops(v) Promotion of aromatic and medicinal plants (vi)Increase in the productivity of livestock (vi)Drudgery reduction for farm women (vi)Promotion of loose flower cultivation (vii)Promotion of new single cross hybrids in maize(viii)Value addition of agricultural products (viii)Promotion of spices etc.
Follow-up of extension programmes are conducted after trainings in order to get the impact of the trainings on the trainees and proper documentation of the programmes is done. The KVKs also take the help of mass media for timely dissemination of agricultural information even to the farmers of far-flung areas. Co-ordination of various development departments and private agencies plays a vital role for the success of extension programmes of KVKs. The KVKs also conduct technology weeks to create awareness among the farmers about the latest technologies in agriculture and allied sectors and disseminate the agricultural information to the farmers of respective districts through short message service (SMS). The KVKs are involved in production of quality seeds, planting materials, livestock material, bio-products and supply them to the farmers. KVK maintains the farm on the scientific basis for the demonstration purpose in order to provide the work experience to the farmers and also to disseminate the latest agricultural technologies. KVKs are really the tools for the human resource development.
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