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news details
Supreme Court must declare Article 35A unconstitutional for 8 reasons
1/21/2019 11:20:45 PM
Prof Hari Om

On August 31, 2018, the Supreme Court fixed the next date of hearing on Article 35A on January 19. But it could not happened because January 19 being Saturday. The apex court does not hear cases on Saturday.
It is an illegal, unconstitutional and divisive provision. It was the brainchild of Prime Minister JL Nehru and radical Islamist in Kashmir. The whole objective behind this unconstitutional act was to help Kashmiri Muslims establish Islamic Republic of J&K on the soil of Bharat. The worst part of the whole situation was that the then President of India, Rajendra Prasad, who was constitutionally bound to uphold the Indian Constitution and protect and promote further the country's sovereign interests, also became a party to the conspiracy hatched by Nehru and his Islamist friends in Kashmir.
Article 35A virtually gave a sovereign statusto J&K in the sense that it empowered the state government to grant or to not grant citizenship rights to an individual or a group of individuals not residents of J&K before May 14, 1944, despite the fact that J&K acceded to Bharat on October 26, 1947; that J&K was a princely state and that India had notattained freedom from the UK. That the Nehru Government applied this obnoxious Article to J&K with retrospective effect to a state which was not then constitutionally a part of the political and constitutional organization of Bharat must make all its well-wishers and friends sit up and expose in one voice what the Nehru Government did to the nation to please the votaries of the two-nation theory.
Article 35A not only empowered J&K Government to deny citizenship rights to non-residents of the state but also barred them from owning immovable property anywhere in the state and getting jobs in the government and semi-government establishments of the state. The fact of the matter is that it declared all Indians, other than residents of J&K, a persona-non-grata in the state.
That even the President of India, first citizen of the country, and the Prime Minister, the chief executive head of the country, cannot buy even an inch of land in J&K speaks for itself and establishes that J&K is an integral part of India only in name.
Why must the Supreme Court of India on January 19 declare Article 35A illegal and unconstitutional rejecting outright the suggestion of the J&K Government that hearing on it should be deferred as J&K is under the President's Rule?
It must declare Article 35A null and void for at least 8 reasons.
1. It violates the basic structure of the Indian Constitution and it is also not consistent with Articles 14 and 16, which talk about equal rights to all Indians, without any exception, across Bharat;
2. It was applied to J&K on May 14, 1954, without invoking Article 368 of the Indian Constitution and bypassing the Parliament, the supreme law-making body in the country;
3. It makes unjust, humiliating and invidious distinctions between the people of J&K and the rest of the Indians;
4. It empowers the people of Kashmir to exercise all rights all over India, including the right to acquire immovable property, set up business houses, acquire jobs and get the education, but denies the same rights to all other Indians;
5. It denies the women of the state their natural right to marry persons anywhere in the country in the sense that children of the daughters of the state married outside J&K with non-J&K residents cannot even inherit their own mothers' properties located in J&K, cannot seek admission in the J&K Government-run and aided educational institutions in the state and cannot get jobs in the government and semi-government establishments in the state;
6. It denies all citizenship rights, including the right to immovable property, education, job, vote and a bank loan, to nearly two lakh Hindu-Sikh refugees from Pakistan living in Jammu since their migration in 1947-1948;
7. It denies all citizenship rights to the 1000s of members of the poor Valmiki Samajliving in Jammu since 1959 and entitles them only to the jobs of sweeper; and
8. Article 35A, along with Article 370 of the Indian Constitution under which the solitary State of J&K enjoys a special status, have a separate constitution and separate flagand exercises residuary powers, has only promoted politics of separatism, based on religious fanaticism, in Kashmir and helped Islamists convert Kashmir into 100%Muslim and change Ladakh's and Jammu's demography to the extent that their very identity and personality is under grave threat.
It may appear unbelievable, but it is a fact that Kashmiri Muslim rulers have granted citizenship rights to thousands of Muslims from China and Tibet in the Valley. In 1952, the then J&K Wazir-e-Azam Sheikh Abdullah granted citizenship rights to many Uyghur Muslims from the Xinjiang province of China and settled them in Srinagar's Jamia Masjid area. Uyghur Muslims had migrated to Kashmir to escape the wrath of Communist China. Similarly, in 1959, Sheikh Abdullah's successor, Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad, granted citizenship to many Tibetan Muslims. He, like his predecessor, also settled his co-religionists in the same area.
The denial of citizenship rights to Hindu-Sikh refugees from Pakistan and members of the Valmiki Samaj and grant of citizenship to Uyghur Muslims and Tibetan Muslims only indicate the nature of the communal outlook of the Kashmiri Muslim rulers. It's a matter of regret that New Delhi did nothing whatsoever during all these years to get Article 35A repealed to establish parity between the people of J&K and the rest of the country. Worse still, our law-makers in the Parliament allowed the unconstitutional Article 35A to play havoc with the nation for so many decades for reasons best known to them. The nation had pinned faith in the BJP given the fact that it all along talked about "one nation and one law" and advocated the need for complete integration of J&K into India, but it also failed. Its stand on the issue in the Supreme Court has been utterly uninspiring. The truth is that the BJP Government has not filed any affidavit till date in the apex court indicating its stand on Article 35A.
The Supreme Court would do well to rise to the occasion and interpret the Preamble of the Indian Constitution and Articles 14 and 16 of the Constitution as they are and strike downnot just illegal, unconstitutional and divisive Article 35A, but also Article 370. It has to because it is its fundamental duty to protect the basic structure of the constitution.
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