Like our Facebook Page

Early Times Newspaper Jammu, Leading Newspaper Jammu
Breaking News :   Injured militant apprehended, another's body found in Anantnag | Anyone Blocking Ambulance On The Road Will Now Be Fined Rs 10,000 Under New Motor Vehicle Act | One killed, two injured in mysterious blast in Kulgam | I-T raids premises of former finance minister’s son | Amit Shah visits martyr Arshad Khan's family in Kashmir, asserts the nation is proud of him | As BDO Bhalwal, ACD Jammu made payments on fake bills | Privileged Kashmir: Free DTH set-top boxes, additional 25 MBBS seats | Ticketing scam surfaces in Kokernag MC | Er Rashid 'flees' from Kashmir University, video goes viral | KCS mains left out students smell rat in selection | Karra rejects Mehooba's proposal to rejoin PDP | On Emergency anniversary, JKP creates 'emergency' in Kashmir | Give and take mechanism ruining J&K: Munish to people | | Chief guest catches police on wrong foot | Votes from Jammu-Ladakh, talks with Kashmir | BJP cheated people on name of development: Ekta Vihar residents tell Munish | Shah reviews security situation in J-K on his maiden official visit | Dwivedi reviews functioning of DIPR Jammu | Traders Federation demands enquiry against Tax deptt official | Electricity supply lines on wooden poles in Doda | Udhampur villagers dismayed with PMGSY work | JKIM stages protest against Health Deptt at Poonch | International Day for fight against drug abuse and illicit trafficking" observed | Sports Council is making mockery of "Khelo India" slogan at Udhampur: UTTA | DM Srinagar directs schools for strict adherence to bus safety rules | DC Jammu chairs Rogi Kalyan Samiti meeting at Government district hospital Gandhi Nagar Jammu | Amit takes additional charge of JKRSC at Pahalgam | Annual Baba Chamliyal Mela tomorrow, ceremonial BSF-Pak Rangers meet unlikely | AGH militant killed in Tral gunfight | DC Udhampur emphasise public to utilise benefits of 'Cancer Treatment and Management Fund for Poor' | Stone pelting incidents declined in Kashmir: MoS for Home Affairs | Hirdesh takes on-spot review of flagship schemes in rural areas | Uproot graft at top level, Shah tells J&K babus | Sanitation, drainage biggest problem in Mattoo, Friends Colony | Heaps of horse dung greet tourists at Yusmarg | Ring Road project on agenda HM; New Highway safe for forces movement | Illegal petrol pump comes up in Central Kashmir's Budgam district | Use of polythene continues unabated across state | `No demarcation of land carried out during inspection' | Stinking Mubarak Mandi complex reflects official neglect | Mirwaiz welcomes dialogue, JKLF opposes, Geelani keeps mum | SOG Jammu recovered 400 kg of Poppy Straw | A first in 3 decades: No hartal, no shutdown call in J&K during Home Minister's visit | Ajaz Jan tours Loran, asks authorities to review decision of wild life notification | PDD linemen on duty assaulted | Heat wave prevails in Jammu | Exchange Of fire In Anantanag village, reportedly militant gunned down | BSNL to provide pre-loaded SIM to Amarnath pilgrims | Two drug peddlers held in Ramban | Pregnant woman dies due to 'medical negligence' in Anantnag, inquiry ordered | Power supply to Harni village snapped, people in distress | Injustice to Jammu & Strategic naivety in Kashmir? | Forest Fire Management | Congress begging NC for alliance PDP jumps in | Back Issues  
news details
Empowering women for poverty reduction
Dr. Banarsi Lal and Dr. Vikas Tandon5/25/2019 11:25:27 PM
Money provides the purchasing power to acquire virtually everything from food to medicines. Severe poverty denies the basic needs to its victims. The poor people have limited access to basic needs of life such as food, clothing, decent shelter and are unable to meet the social and economic obligations. Rural women are key agents for the development. They play a catalytic role for the economic, environmental and social development. But limited access to education, health care and credit they face. Empowering them is essential not only for the well-being of individuals, families and rural communities but also for the overall development of the nation.Women constitute around half of the world's population but in fact they are the largest excluded category in all aspects of life. They have only 1/10th of the global income. Around 70 per cent of women are still living below the poverty line. They constitute almost invariably a small minority of those holding elected office. The data reveals that they were around 10 per cent of the world's parliamentarians in 1980 which rose to 14.8 per cent in 1988, came down to 12.7 per cent in 1997 and 19.5 per cent in 2011.The women around the world are striving for gender equality. Women specially in the rural areas are subjected to gender oppression and gender discrimination. The year 2001 was observed as the "Year of Women Empowerment" in India. Poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, ill-health etc. are the major problems in our country from the dawn of independence. These factors are impending the socio-economic development of our country. Women are mostly affected by these socio-economic factors. It has been observed that ill-health, unemployment and illiteracy rates are higher among the women as compared to men in our country. It has also been observed that women- headed households suffer more from the poverty as compared to men-headed household. Between 2001 and 2009 the poverty rates for women were double than that of men. They still face injustice from birth to death and discrimination among them is still very common. Every year; three million women die due to gender based violence.
Poverty is the greatest hurdle in the path of development. According to World Bank in 2011, 32.7% per cent of the Indian people fall below the poverty line. The recent observations by the Indian government estimated that around 38% of the Indian population is poor. India still has the world's largest number of poor people in the world. The incidence of poverty customarily is more in rural areas as compared to the urban areas and also the poverty in SC and ST households is more as compared to general castes. The Human Development Report has noted that gender equality is essential for empowering women and eradicating the poverty from the society. From time to time the Indian government has been emphasising on empowerment of women. The only motive behind these endeavours is to bring them into the main stream of development. Different policies, programmes and plans are laid to raise the economic status of women. Article 15 of the constitution prohibits any discrimination on grounds of sex while the directive principles of state policy urges that states shall direct its policy for securing an adequate means of livelihood for women and securing equal pay for men and women. In many five years plans, emphasis was given on women empowerment. It has been envisaged to organise women into self help groups and thus empower them to equip with skills in different trades to make them economically independent and to increase access to credit by setting up development bank for women. It has also been envisaged that the women programmes and policies need to be redesigned. It has also been designed to provide marketing channels for them. The various programmes likeIndira Mahila Yojana, Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas, Mahila Samridhi Yojana, Rashtriya Mahila Kosh etc. have been launched by the Indian government from time to time.
Prevalence of patriarchy norms, stereotyped gender biased and preference for son's right to inherit parent's property have deprived girl children from their right to property. In general, the son enjoys the inheritance father's property. Women cannot claim equality with men unless she has the same right as men hold and inherit. Ironically, the land reforms measures undertaken by different state governments are also silent about the women's right to property. In present era, growing modernisation has escalated social aspirations and family tension, resulting in growing single women and women-headed households in the form of divorce, deserted and separated. The reports indicate that 16.23 million of women headed house-holds are existing in India of which 72 per cent are residing in rural areas. Therefore empowering the rural headed households would enable them to fight against the income and poverty. The sweets of women welfare benefits are mostly enjoyed by the highly literate women and those who belong to upper strata of urban society. Women specially the rural women are deployed for the unpaid activities. Only around 15 per cent women are working in the organised sectors. Women employment opportunities are characterised with seasonality, unskilled assignments, discrimination in wage etc. in unorganised sectors. In the arid and semi-arid areas, the women specially belonging to Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribes and impoverished households work hard in order to mitigate hunger and poverty. The data reveals that 43 per cent of working women constitute almost half of total earnings of their families and 18 per cent families entirely dependent on their earnings.
Women accessibility to savings and credit facilities improves their gender economic status. Women accessibility to saving and credits from banking and non-banking sectors is low particularly for the rural women. The empowerment of women largely confines to the few literate and employed urban women and the rural women remain beyond the reach of empowerment. Even it has been observed that the bank officials hesitate to sanction loan to the rural women thinking them to be too poor because the ownership of assets usually rested with men. Women are meagrely represented in the business because they lack of savings, credits and investment facilities. The Self Help Groups formulation is really a stepping stone for the economic empowerment of rural women. These types of schemes really enable the rural women for the small saving and help them to carry out small investments in income generation activities at the rural level. The women sarpanches, panches and village level workers of ICDS can further help for strengthening these types of schemes. Credibility among the women, difficulty in regular deposition of money, uncertainty about the benefits of activities etc. are the major hurdles in the formation of self help groups. The income from the small income generating activities would definitely help to substantiate the rural household activities and food security. The women have a decisive role in the eradication of household poverty. Empowering women with the property rights and banking facilities for the loans would contribute for the household income. The income in the hands of women can contribute more in the household economic status than the income in the hands of men. The economic empowerment of women would certainly help for the social upliftment and eradication of poverty specially from the rural areas.
  Share This News with Your Friends on Social Network  
  Comment on this Story  
Early Times Android App
BSE Sensex
NSE Nifty
Home About Us Top Stories Local News National News Sports News Opinion Editorial ET Cetra Advertise with Us ET E-paper
J&K Govt. Official website
Jammu Kashmir Tourism
Mata Vaishnodevi Shrine Board
Shri Amarnath Ji Shrine Board
Shri Shiv Khori Shrine Board
Train Enquiry
Jammu Kashmir Bank
State Bank of India
Passport Department
Income Tax Department
IT Education
Web Site Design Services
Jammu University
Jammu University Results
Kashmir University
IGNOU Jammu Center