Like our Facebook Page

Early Times Newspaper Jammu, Leading Newspaper Jammu
Breaking News :   APS Kaluchak organises online debate competition | NSS Unit & 2 J&K Girls Bn GCW Gandhinagar wind up 4- day activities | Govt MAM College pays tributes to Galwan Valley martyrs | Shaurya Educational Society honours meritorious students | Zonal workshop of KVKs of North Zone held | GDC Khour organizes quiz competition | YLA pays rich tributes to ex-BAR chief Slathia | Superpositivity club opens in Jammu | GDC RS Pura organizes online Astrology Quiz on Indian astrology | ISM hosts awareness camp on COVID-19 | Bharat Scout and Guide starts plantation drive | Feb 27, 1981: When Sheikh Abdullah demanded abrogation of Art 370 in JK Assembly | Srinagar Air Base Turns Into Logistics Hub Amid Tension In Ladakh | CBI seeks details from govt officers on land allotment to educational trust | By paying tributes to Dr Mukherjee, LG shows mirror to power hungry ex-BJP ministers | West Pakistan refugees now getting J&K domicile status, Rs 5 lakh financial assistance | Separatists were on mission to prepare generation of doctors with Pak leanings | Proposed privatization of power sector in J&K ‘haunts’ employees | New transfer policy: Govt clips wings of DSE Jammu, Kashmir | NIA arrests seventh person in connection with attack on CRPF convoy in Pulwama last year | With five more deaths COVID-19 death toll reaches 143 in JK, 256 fresh cases reported | Gardens, Parks to open tomorrow for general public: Advisor Baseer Khan | Inter-state traveler arrested for absconding from Quarantine Centre | Div Com reviews progress on PMGSY roads in districts | Kashmir University says no to Govt order for closure till July 31 | IAF carries out night time patrol in eastern Ladakh, to maintain high-level of readiness: Sources | CASO launched in Kishtwar | Reshuffle in ACB: SSP Traffic Jammu among 8 officers shifted in ACB, 4 repatriated | Terrorist killed, 3 SF personnel injured in ongoing Pulwama encounter | Munish Gupta asks government to solve problems of people of lane 2 ward 58 Digiana | PWD (R&B) Nowshera fails to repair its newly blacktopped road at village Bareri | BDO Sunderbani directs VLW, Panchayat Inspector to check veracity of beneficiaries under PMAY | Sushma Rajput decides to organise mega music show after Corona ends | Poonch residents disappointed over approach of DC | Interactive Webinar on boosting exports from Jammu organised | JKEEGA seeks rollback of PDD’s privatization proposal | 56 fresh positive cases, cumulative cases reaches to 2035, 38 deaths in north Kashmir as on date | Relief organization non serious about migrants issues: Sunil | Jammu based Military Hospital saves 12 year old COVID positive boy | AJKPC asks govt for clearing MGNREGA liabilities | Most MSMEs not getting 20% RBI loan: Citizens Forum | DDC Rajouri launches Kissan Pakwada activities | Mayor holds meeting, asks officers to redress grievances of public | Congress deputation meets Tehsil officers in Bishnah | NGO, Third Eye Anti Crime team sanitizes Panchayat Kathar | COVID-19: Govt evacuates 1,95,481 stranded JK residents; 1,32,921 via Lakhanpur, 62,560 through special trains | BJP OBC Morcha felicitates Corona warriors | Letter of Geelani being circulated on social media fake, police | SSP demands to stop discriminating with martyrs | Girl killed in landslide triggered by tree-cutting in Ramban | Huge cache of arms, ammunition recovered in Uri | Day 44: Jammu, Srinagar Airports receive 24 domestic flights with 2,548 passengers | J&K SSF with Ayush holds COVID19 awareness camp at Raj Bhawan | NGO convenes meeting | JKAP castigates BJP for befooling border residents, demands roll back of recruitment process | AAP demands creation of posts for unemployed dental surgeons | Kashmir making Jammu suffer | Drug addiction: Pakistan is applying its Punjab model in Kashmir | Why PM Narendra Modi banned Tik Tok and 59 Chinese app ? | JKESTW welcomes UT govt decision to concede their demands | DDC Kishtwar distributes 28 motorised tricyle among differently abled | FIR registered against bull race organizers in Rajouri | JKRTC helper terminated for illegal activities | Missing Pulwama driver’s body fished out from Jhelum at Pampore | Register FIR against those alleged of medical negligence: High Court | India Post invites applications to fill 442 vacancies in J&K | Power shut down | Women staged protest against PHE department | Court directs SSP Reasi to hold enquiry against DySP Hq | Court awards 5 years imprisonment to govt employee for producing fake document | Over 5000 HIV-positive cases registered in J&K | JPDCL carries massive drive to disconnect illegal hooking at Bhour Camp | Ravinder Raina chairs meeting of department conveners, co-conveners | Advisor Bhatnagar for aggressive testing of co-morbid persons, red zone areas | Dr Kotwal reviews preparedness for online registration of properties | Back Issues  
news details
Views and counterviews of India-China war of 1962
Dr.Rajkumar Singh10/15/2019 10:27:31 PM
In contrast of India, the people's Republic of China had a long history of a tacit but clear strategic military doctrine. However, for a brief period in pre-revolution phase China became weak and unstable because of warlordism and internal warfare between Nationalist and Communist forces. It was followed by the establishment of a strong central government in China which adopted a doctrine, combined with Soviet strategic thinking and the Communist party's experience in fighting Japan and the Kuomintang armies for several decades. By 1949, the geopolitical situation had changed and the Soviet Union had become China's ally, while the United States of America which had been China's ally all along, had now become an enemy. Thus, the Chinese strategic military doctrine, in early fifties, identified US imperialism as the grand strategy to encircle China prior to invading it. Even India's forward policy in the border area was interpreted as part of US imperialist encirclement of China.
How China views India
In formulating Chinese attitude towards India and the world at large Mao Zedong played a significant and decisive role. Mao's theoretical analyses of formidable power, especially those written in his early years, and his old leadership of the peasants in China have earned for him a unique place in world history. But basically he was an outstanding Chinese figure, rooted in indigenous tradition. A hard-headed nationalist, he was determined to regain for his country not only equality among the nations but a prime position in Asia. He combined throughout his life the roles of both a revolutionary and a nationalist and at the start, each strengthened the other. Under his leadership and inspiration China became an ambitious nation and a skilled practice of a realpolitik. By the time India and China had awakened modern communication, broke down the physical barriers and brought them face to face in a period when they were going through an acute phase of nationalist stirrings and hyper-sensitive responses to foreign countries, because of their experience with imperialism and rather late emergence as nation-states, abrasive responses that rubbed off against each other too.
In the years following China's attack on India people felt a need to reassess the motives behind the aggression. It was a failure of diplomacy which is, in fact, meant management of international relations by means of negotiations; the method by which these relations are adjusted and managed by ambassadors and envoys; the business or art of the diplomat. Possible motives are important to be mentioned here not only because they are related to China's general policy in foreign affairs but because they will reveal the extent to which those motives have determined the nature of Sino-Indian relations. Motives behind the attack were closely related to the Chinese anxiety to keep the Sino-Indian border issue alive. It also explained the causes of the series of Chinese intrusions into the Indian territories during the 1960s. Even hardening of the Chinese attitude towards India in late fifties and early sixties was based on country's calculation of gain and loss. It is said to be a mixture of Chinese imperialism militant nationalism, and revolutionary zeal of militant communism.
Real motives behind 1962 attack
Desire for attainment of great power status, as considered by many, was the prime motive behind the Chinese attack. For several years in the beginning India introduced Communist China to the world, especially to Asia. After some years they knew that China is able to make more rapid and greater progress than India, former's dependence on the latter for status became intolerable. As a first step China insisted on India accepting a subordinate status, renouncing non-alignment and generally moulding her foreign and domestic policies to suit China's view of herself and of the world. Viewed in this perspective if the creation and non-recognition of India's northern frontier was the expression of independence in world politics, the aggression of 1962 was intended to show that China had not only the desire but also the capacity to be a great power. However, a scholar, Neville Maxwell, considering the effects of India's forward policy and its unilateral declaration of ceasefire argued that military action by China was decided on to bring India to the negotiating table and to show her that any attempt to achieve a settlement on her own terms, by moving into Chinese-held territory, was futile. On the other the Chinese showed their reasonableness in having border settlements with Nepal, Pakistan and Burma.
Other considerations
While dealing with the People's Republic of China we can hardly overlook the strategic aspect of the issue. In fact, one other purpose of the Chinese military action was to hold on to the Aksaichin and the strategic highway which is so vital for controlling the difficult provinces of Tibet and Sinkiang. As the war was an expression of the politico-military strategy of China, Nehru, keeping it in view, said in November 1962, 'I don't see any real compromise. What they have in mind is different from our thinking. There is no bridge between us." But later on he also added 'India was not going to be one of the small fish which this huge crocodile in the pond of Asia was seeking to devour. In the face of China's attitude that either one is for them or against' a self-respecting nation like India could hope for no lasting friendship with her.
Ideological differences between China and the Soviet Union had also motivated the former to launch a massive attack on India. The Sino-Soviet rivalry at the time was centered in Asia and China regarded India as an ideological obstacle and sought a dominating position in Asia. In addition to this the Soviet influence of Asia has been much more than the Chinese influence. Obviously Chinese aggression was launched in the hope that the attack on India would compel the communist parties of Asian countries to come to the Chinese fold. It, however, realised a deeper objective, that was to find out what attitude would the Soviet Union take towards China after the aggression and it became clear that the Soviet Union could not be relied upon even in a conflict with a non-communist country. In international arena the behaviours of China was criticised widely and was based on the fact that it had forgotten the futility of war as a traditional means of the achievement of great power status. The Chinese behaviours in post-aggression period also testified that the attempt made on the part of China had been to build up her power and not bother about the settlement of the border question.
  Share This News with Your Friends on Social Network  
  Comment on this Story  
Early Times Android App
BSE Sensex
NSE Nifty
Home About Us Top Stories Local News National News Sports News Opinion Editorial ET Cetra Advertise with Us ET E-paper
J&K Govt. Official website
Jammu Kashmir Tourism
Mata Vaishnodevi Shrine Board
Shri Amarnath Ji Shrine Board
Shri Shiv Khori Shrine Board
Train Enquiry
Jammu Kashmir Bank
State Bank of India
Passport Department
Income Tax Department
IT Education
Web Site Design Services
Jammu University
Jammu University Results
Kashmir University
IGNOU Jammu Center