Like our Facebook Page

Early Times Newspaper Jammu, Leading Newspaper Jammu
Breaking News :   Lt Governor condemns the killings of BJP leader, family members | Uttar Pradesh gangster Vikas Dubey, killer of 8 cops in Kanpur, arrested in Madhya Pradesh's Ujjain | Let Behind Bandipora Attack | Separatism, anti-India campaigns things of past in Kashmir | Eyes and ears of Govt, Chowkidars still get peanuts as salary | JKNPP activists stage protest, demand restoration of 4G services | Director Agriculture Jammu reviews progress under KCC, NABARD Projects | Advisor Baseer Khan directs speedy completion of CCS, PMDP schemes | Power shut down | Prof. Gupta asks govt to take care of public properties | JMC chairs meeting | Jammu continues to inspire fight against Covid-19 in JK as Kashmir shows spike | Apna Vihar Colony residents call on CE PDD | Irrigation Deptt Doda causes loss to J&K exchequer | COVID-19: Govt evacuates 1,98,777 stranded JK residents; 1,35,276 via Lakhanpur, 63,501 through special trains | Ex Dy CM lays foundation stone of receiving station | DDC visits Ultrasonography centres, clinics of Doda town | Day 45: Jammu, Srinagar Airports receive 22 domestic flights with 2,501 passengers | Water crisis deepens in Kishtwar as several WSS’s are missing on ground | Officially banned but mining goes rampantly across Kathua district | Mughal gardens, other parks reopen in J&K after about 4 months | Agriculture sector growing leaps, bounds in district Ramban | Amar Singh Club makes free distribution of AYUSH medicines | Death toll due to COVID-19 in JK reaches 149 as six more die, 330 new cases come up | Poonch locals accuse district administration of swindling COVID-19 funds | Week-long hawan culminates at Jagti | Six new COVID-19 cases in Ladakh, 28 more recoveries | Water Works (PHE) Employees Association holds meeting, projects several demands | Militants kill BJP leader, his father, brother in Bandipora | DAK expresses concern over non-adherence of SOPs by people during COVID-19 in Kashmir | PCB imposes environmental compensation on MC Ramban | KCWT felicitate SP North | Pak national apprehended by BSF in Samba | It used to take 14 days to reach LAC, now just a day: Ladakh Scouts | Camp organized to expedite process of making domicile certificates | DC Jammu reviews Shri Amarnath Ji Yatra arrangements | Woman killed, three injured in Pak shelling along LoC | ACB registers case against former GM DIC Pulwama for misuse of official position | Div Com reviews land issues of newly sanctioned colleges | UDA protests over granting Domicile Certificates to outsiders | Auto Drivers checked for Covid-19 in Ware House | Munish Gupta asks government to step in & solve problems of residents | 2nd edition of Jammu Film Festival postponed over Covid-19 concerns | Jammu Citizens’ Forum lauds Army’s role as frontline warriors | Army pays tribute to soldier martyred in Pulwama encounter | GCW Gandhi Nagar organizes open online dance competition | JKTF Ramban unit holds meeting, announces body for Zone Ukhral | Amit Kapoor dares DSEJ to prove charges against him | Congress leader distributes ration among needy | Hyundai to launch ‘The Next Dimension’ | China moves back | Agro-Processing for Farmers Prosperity | CAREFREE ATTITUDE | CHINA’S AGENDA IN AKSAI CHIN: LESSONS FROM THE PAST | Visiting Chushul 50 years ago | Highest fresh positive cases since outbreak has gone to 107; 69 recovered, 40 deaths so far in north Kashmir | Tehsil Social Welfare Office Mendhar often remains closed, people suffer | SMC Mayor election on July 14 | Rahul Bhagat murder case: One more accused held, claim police | Rain still eludes Kashmir, MeT issue fresh weather warning | Govt extends NCLAT acting chairperson Justice B L Bhat’s tenure for 3 months | 1.19 lakh duplicate beneficiaries weeded out: Secretary FCS&CA | CBJ produces chargesheet against ex-Director CAPD | DB issues notices in PIL seeking Hindi as official language of JK UT | Court rejects bail in gang rape case | Police, SDRF teams rescue woman trapped in flash floods in Jammu | Farooq Lone administered oath as JKPSC member | Govt exploring PRIs’ participation in mining through Short Term Permits | FIR registered against bull race organizers in Rajouri | Back Issues  
news details
Farmers' Suicides :A National Catastrophe
Dr. Parveen Kumar, Dr. D. Namgyal2/9/2020 10:17:41 PM
India is an agrarian country with around 70% of its people depending directly or indirectly upon agriculture. Due to the high yielding and hybrid varieties of different crops, the country has been able to increase the food production many times. Green revolution of the seventies was as a result of the high yielding varieties and the use of chemical fertilizers. Although industrialized agriculture has been successful in producing large quantities of food, the future of food production is under threat due to problems in agriculture.
The major problems in agriculture are the decrease in average size of land holdings, fragmentation of holdings and loss of agricultural land due to one or the other reasons. This small size of holdings does not allow mechanization affecting the productivity of the crops.
This increase in production also brought it with the farmers' suicides. Still outside the ambit of formal credit institutions, the helpless farmer gets trapped in the credit taken from the land lord. This ultimately forces him to consume his/her life. The suicide by the farmers often referred to as the 'national catastrophe' has been taking place continuously since 1990. This is going on despite the government launching a lot of farm and farmer centric programmes related to soil health, insurance, credit, agri infrastructure. Farmers' are committing suicide since the 1990s, often by drinking pesticides, due to their inability to repay loans mostly taken from landlords and banks.
Farmer suicides account for 11.2% of all suicides in India. Activists and scholars have offered a number of conflicting reasons for farmer suicides, such as high debt burdens, poor government policies, corruption in subsidies, crop failure, public mental health, personal issues and family problems. As of 2014, in Maharashtra alone, more than 60,000 suicides had taken place, with an average of 10 suicides every day. The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) of India reported that a total 296,438 Indian farmers had committed suicide since 1995.
Of these, 60,750 farmer suicides were in the state of Maharashtra since 1995, with the remaining spread out in Odisha, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Chhattisgarh, all states with loose financial and entry regulations. Earlier, governments had reported varying figures, from 5,650 farmer suicides in 2014 to the highest number of farmer suicides in 2004 of 18,241. The farmers' suicide rate in India had ranged between 1.4 and 1.8 per 100,000 total population over a 10 year period through 2005; however the figures in 2017 and 2018 showed an average of more than 10 suicides daily. There are accusations of states manipulating the data on farmer suicides hence the real figures could be even higher. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has confirmed, in the National Crime
Records Bureau's accidental deaths and suicides in India report released recently that 11,379 farmers died by suicide in India in 2016.
This translates into 948 suicides every month or 31 suicides every day. The number of farmer suicides has shown a decline as per government data, coming down to 11,379 in 2016 from 12,360 in 2014 and 12,602 in 2015. For 2016, the NCRB has not released information for the cause of farmer suicides. A majority of the farmers who died by suicide in India were men while women accounted for only 8.6% of farmer suicides in the country. One of the reasons for this wide discrepancy could be that a large number of women who work on farms are not characterized as farmers.
Farmers' suicides can be attributed to a host of factors. As per reports by the central government and National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), government farming subsidies from 1993 to 2018 mostly went to producers and dealers of seeds and fertilizers, and not to farmers. In 2017, Rs. 35,000 crores of loans and subsidies were given to entities in the cities of New Delhi and Chandigarh, cities that do not have any farmers. Similarly, in Maharashtra, 60% of government loans and subsidies were given to people and entities residing in Mumbai. This has resulted in a nexus and the money being circulated between the government, banks large and small corporations and politicians, without any of it reaching farmers, aggravating their woes. Most farmer loans were of less than Rs. 50,000.
Another reason is the debt on the farmers'. Many of the suicides by Indian farmers' have been linked to the large amounts of debt and interest that many of these individuals accumulate. According to a 2006 study by P. Sainath, the percentage of farmers who were in debt in Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Karnataka, and Maharashtra was 70%, 65%, 61%, and 60%, respectively.
A senior adviser to the Ministry of Agriculture warns that India may soon earn the dubious title of 'farmer suicide capital of the world', as there is an 'enormous socio-political inertia and appalling indifference to the psychological agonies'. He further said that the Indian polity, infested with self-seeking politicians, bureaucrats, business people, and industrialists, has failed to see that the country's food soldiers have started deserting en masse.
This national catastrophe is a complicated issue that needs to be dealt with a holistic approach. Besides the various agriculture related reforms, the farming community particularly the landless, marginal and small farmers' need a personal attention and a healing touch. Programmes like Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, PM Kisan Samman Nidhi, PM Kisan Mandhan Yojana are some of the noble initiative. but it must be ensured that these does not suffer from exclusion or inclusion errors.
The authors are scientist and Head KVK-Leh, SKUAST-K; can be reached at pkumar6674@gmail.com
  Share This News with Your Friends on Social Network  
  Comment on this Story  
Early Times Android App
BSE Sensex
NSE Nifty
Home About Us Top Stories Local News National News Sports News Opinion Editorial ET Cetra Advertise with Us ET E-paper
J&K Govt. Official website
Jammu Kashmir Tourism
Mata Vaishnodevi Shrine Board
Shri Amarnath Ji Shrine Board
Shri Shiv Khori Shrine Board
Train Enquiry
Jammu Kashmir Bank
State Bank of India
Passport Department
Income Tax Department
IT Education
Web Site Design Services
Jammu University
Jammu University Results
Kashmir University
IGNOU Jammu Center